There are high hills spread over many
areas of the district. The hills vary
from 1000 to 2500 metres and most people
live between1500 - 2000 metres altitude.
The Altitude of the district HQ. (ZBTO)
is 1874.22 mtrs. above sea level. (Most
of the population reside in rural areas.
Zunheboto Town is the only designated
urban area of the district.)
RAINFALL.: Owing to the high altitude,
this district enjoys a monsoon climate
almost throughout the year. Winters are
very cold but summers moderately warm.
December and January form the coldest
part of the season and at times the
temperature comes down to10Celsius. The
highest summer temperature is 220
Celsius. The average rainfall is about
200 cm. It falls for nine months in a
year, heaviest contribution being in
July and August.
SOIL: Almost all the soils of the
Zunheboto district belongs to the
following classes/orders.There are
alluvial soil, Forest soil(organic)
pertaining to moolisol, non-laterised
soil and soils of high altitudes
belonging to order spodosals.
RIVERS: There are three important
rivers in the district, viz, Tizu river
originating in Tuensang district flows
down towards south crossing at the
centre of Zunheboto district and join
Chindwin. Doyang river originating in
Japfu passes through west part of the
district and joins Dhansiri in Assam.
Tsutha river, originating in North East
of Zunheboto drains eastern part of the
district and joins Tizu below Nihoshe
village, where a Mini Hydel Power
project is located. Most of the area
under terrace cultivation on Tizu,
Tsutha and Mela a tributary of Tizu